THE 7 MOST ENDANGERED 2013
Roman Amphitheatre in Durrës, ALBANIA
The discovery of this magnificent early 2nd century amphitheatre, which remained unknown to the world until the 1960’s, put the ancient city of Durrës back on the map of historic sites in Europe. It also poses a major challenge to ensure a successful integration of the site into the urban fabric and local community of Durrës.
The Buffer Zone of the Historic Centre of Nicosia, CYPRUS
A brilliant example of how cultural heritage can help transcend political conflicts and contribute to the process of reconciliation. Conservationists from the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities have worked together with the UN to produce a European Union / Europa Nostra award-winning master plan for the revitalisation of the lifeless 1.5 km corridor which crosses the historic city of Nicosia, and the time has come for the plan to be gradually implemented.
Vauban’s Fortifications in Briançon, FRANCE
Designed in the 17th century to guard the city, this masterpiece of mountain fortifications now needs to be protected from further decay and given a new and viable use. Due to its size and heritage importance, already recognised by UNESCO, the local, national and international communities are called to team up to save it.
Renaissance Monastery of San Benedetto Po, near Mantova, ITALY
This 15 – 16th century monastery was heavily damaged by the May 2012 earthquake. This demonstrates that natural disasters continue to be a threat to Europe’s cultural heritage. Given the great historic and artistic importance of this renaissance building, and its impact on cultural tourism in the wider region, the public authorities at all levels should give a higher priority to rescue measures and also to adequate prevention plans for the future.
Manueline Style Monastery and Church of Jesus in Setúbal, PORTUGAL
Recognised as a symbol of Europe’s history – the setting for ratification of the signature of the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 between Spain and Portugal, which paved the way for Europe’s expansion both to the Americas and to the Far East – the Monastery and Church of Jesus is in an advanced state of decay which urgently calls for European support and solidarity. It is expected that the revitalisation of this “European Heritage Label” site would become a catalyst for a true renaissance of the important but neglected historic city of Setúbal.
Roşia Montană Mining Landscape in Transylvania, ROMANIA
The landscape of Roşia Montană and its surrounding villages has for more than three millennia been masterfully transformed by mining activities. However, the present open-cast gold mining project would seriously threaten its unique heritage and environment, including in situ roman mining machinery. This is a typical example when long-term vision and sustainability are at risk of being sacrificed for the pursuit of very short-term gain.
St. George Armenian Church in Mardin, TURKEY
The nomination of this derelict church with foundations going back to the 5th century, which served the large Armenian population until the beginning of the 20th century, reflects the commitment of the heritage community in Turkey to preserve the tangible witnesses of the country’s multi-cultural history. The heritage of the ancient town of Mardin reminds us that through the centuries this city has been a melting pot of cultures and religions. Today, this heritage has great potential for sustainable tourism and economic development.